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How Will Iran Nuclear Inspections Work?

How Will Iran Nuclear Inspections Work?

Council on Foreign Relations - cfr.org Interviewee: Thomas E. Shea, Independent ConsultantInterviewer: Zachary Laub, Online Writer/Editor The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) will play a vital role monitoring and verifying that Iran's nuclear activities are exclusively peaceful and in compliance with the country's obligations under the nuclear deal, known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA). Every step necessary to build a nuclear weapon "provides opportunities for detection," says Thomas Shea, a veteran of the agency's Department of Safeguards, which is responsible for inspections worldwide. He says the agency has improved technologies that supplement inspections with real-time data. But if Iran were to rescind its understandings with the IAEA in what is known as the Additional Protocol, Shea says, inspectors would find their access to sensitive sites limited. What steps will the IAEA take between the conclusion of the JCPOA, reached in early July, and the deal's so-called implementation day,...

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Iran Inspections in 24 Days? Not Even Close.


 The Wall Street Journal - By Hillel Fradkin and Lewis Libby The Obama administration assures Americans that the Iran deal grants access within 24 days to undeclared but suspected Iranian nuclear sites. But that’s hardly how a recalcitrant Iran is likely to interpret the deal. A close examination of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action released by the Obama administration reveals that its terms permit Iran to hold inspectors at bay for months, likely three or more. Paragraphs 74 to 78 govern the International Atomic Energy Agency’s access to suspect sites. First, the IAEA tells Iran “the basis” of its concerns about a particular location, requesting clarification. At this point Iran will know where the IAEA is headed. Iran then provides the IAEA with “explanations” to resolve IAEA concerns. This stage has no time limit. Opportunities for delay abound. Iran will presumably want to know what prompted the IAEA’s concern. The...

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